Medication reconciliation is a process that helps to ensure the patient is receiving the correct medications and also allows tracking changes to the medication plan of care no matter the setting or transition between settings. The nurse has a mandated and instrumental role in reconciling accuracy, appropriateness and completeness of the medication plan of care. Although the process is collaborative by necessity, including the physician(s) and pharmacist, it is the nurse who often begins the reconciliation process.
Additional factors impacting medication safety and the need for medication reconciliation are those of multiple chronic condition (MCC) incidences per person along with the practice of multiple medication prescriptions to treat those conditions. Examples of MCC’s include chronic renal disease, congestive heart failure, arthritis and diabetes. A 2010 CDC survey found that over 25% of Americans reported having MCC’s. These statistics are not solely confined to the elderly populations but affect adults of varied ages.
Click on the link to read more about this from the CDC: CDC Preventing Chronic Disease 2010