Chapter 1: Scope of Problem
Central venous catheters have been in use for several decades and have contributed significantly to the survival of millions of patients. Unfortunately, they may have also contributed to the deaths of thousands and increased the cost of healthcare over the same time period, as a result of catheter-related bloodstream infections. Approximately 90% of
catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs) are associated with central lines. Approximately half of all ICU patients have central lines, accounting for about 15 million central-venous catheter-days per year, in ICUs alone. Averages between 1.8 and 5.2 central line-related bloodstream infections are estimated per 1,000 catheter
days in ICU patients. When the CVCs used outside of the ICU setting are considered, the estimate is that roughly 250,000 CRBSIs occur in U.S. hospitals every year.
To view the CDC's "Guidelines for the Prevention of Intravascular Catheter Related Infections" click here.
Q: [Catheter] - A hollow tube made of plastic used for accessing the vascular system [Image]
Q: [Centers for Disease Control and Prevention] - A division of the U.S. Public Health Service in Atlanta, Georgia, that investigates and controls various diseases, especially those that have epidemic potential. The agency is also responsible for national programs to improve laboratory conditions and encourage health and safety in the workplace.
Q: [Intravascular] - Area within the blood vessels
Q: [Infection] - Invasion of the body by living microorganisms
Q: [CDC] - Abbreviation for Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. A division of the U.S. Public Health Service in Atlanta, Georgia, that investigates and controls various diseases, especially those that have epidemic potential. The agency is also responsible for national programs to improve laboratory c