Chapter 1: Basic Principles
When a blood spill occurs, regardless of size, a staff member must remain at the site of the spill until clean-up is accomplished to ensure that patients, visitors, or other employees do not walk through or touch the spilled blood. All employees must practice universal precautions. Universal precautions are an infection control method which requires employees to assume that all human blood and specified human body fluids are infectious for HIV, HBV, and other bloodborne pathogens and must be treated accordingly.
- The following human body fluids: semen, vaginal secretions, cerebrospinal fluid, synovial fluid, pleural fluid, pericardial fluid, peritoneal fluid, amniotic fluid, saliva in dental procedures, any other body fluid that is visibly contaminated with blood such as saliva or vomitus and all body fluids in situations where it is difficult or impossible to differentiate between body fluids such as emergency response.
- Any unfixed tissue or organ (other than intact skin) from a human (living or dead).
- HIV-containing cell or tissue cultures, organ cultures and HIV or HBV-containing culture medium or other solutions, blood, organs or other tissues from experimental animals infected with HIV and HBV.
Q: [Universal] - Used or understood by everyone
Q: [Infection] - Invasion of the body by living microorganisms
Q: [Pathogens] - Disease-producing microorganisms [Image]