- Cholesterol: High levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) significantly increases a person's risk of developing vascular dementia. Some research, according to NINDS, has also linked high LDL to an increased risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease.
- Plasma Homocysteine: This is an amino acid which in higher-than-average blood levels has been implicated in the development of vascular dementia and Alzheimer’s disease.
- Diabetes: Diabetes is a risk factor for atherosclerosis and stroke and therefore vascular dementia. It has also been implicated in Alzheimer’s disease.
- Mild Cognitive Impairment: People with this condition do have a significantly increased risk of dementia compared to the rest of the population. One study reported by NINDS found that approximately 40% of people over age 65 who were diagnosed with mild cognitive impairment developed dementia within 3 years.
- Down syndrome: Most people with Down syndrome develop characteristic Alzheimer’s disease plaques and neurofibrillary tangles by the time they reach middle age. Many, but not all, also develop symptoms of dementia.
Q: [Cognitive] - Behaviors that place primary emphasis on mental or intellectual processes
Q: [Plasma] - The yellow-colored liquid component of blood, in which blood cells are suspended
Q: [Atherosclerosis] - Hardening of the arteries due to cholesterol-lipid-calcium deposits in the walls of the arteries