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Class Progress
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Chapter Listing

CPR

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CHAPTER 1: CHANGES IN 2010

In 2010, The American Heart Association updated their guidelines for CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation) and ECC (Emergency Cardiovascular Care). These changes are listed and explained below:

CHANGE IN THE BLS SEQUENCE
  • The A-B-C (Airway, Breathing, Compressions) method has been replaced with the C-A-B method (Compressions, Airway, Breathing). This change was made to emphasize compressions as they are the most crucial aspect of CPR. This change should be used for adults, children, and infants EXCEPT newborns.
  • The original method allowed too much time to lapse before chest compressions started while the rescuer opened the airway, placed a barrier device, and/or assembled ventilation equipment.
  • With chest compressions now beginning sooner, victim survival increases, and the delay in giving breaths is minimal.

HIGH-QUALITY CPR
  • The AHA focuses on the need for high-quality CPR, and thus decided to change the compression rate from “approximately” 100 compressions per minute, to “At least” 100 compressions per minute.
  • The depths of chest compressions have also changed to be deeper than in previous guidelines.
    • For Adults: The compression depth is at least 2 inches (5cm), instead of the original 1 and 1/2 to 2 inches.
    • For Children: The compression depth is at least 2 inches (5cm).
    • For Infants: The compression depth is 1 and 1/2 inches (4cm).
  • There is an increased emphasis on two-rescuer, or team CPR, allowing rescuers to perform several functions simultaneously.
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