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Class Progress
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Chapter Listing

Basics of Peripheral IV Therapy; Current Standards of Practice - DEMO

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Chapter 1: Legal Issues

Basics of Peripheral Intravenous Therapy; Current Standards of Practice 

This course has been designed to provide basic conceptual and operational knowledge to healthcare clinicians who have had limited exposure to infusion therapy principals and practice.  As the science of infusion therapy advances and technology expands, it is imperative that all healthcare clinicians and nurses practicing infusion therapy remain current in their knowledge of infusion therapies, principles, techniques, equipment and the latest in infusion evidence based practices.

In early 2016, the Infusion Nurses Society (INS), recognized as the global authority in infusion therapy, released the updated Infusion Therapy Standards of Practice. The INS sets the accepted standards for infusion therapy practice for all healthcare settings. This course is based on the current best practices as defined by the Infusion Nursing Society and other governing agencies such as the CDC, and FDA.

Many governing boards require nurses, nursing assistive personnel, radiology technicians, EMT’s, paramedics and respiratory therapist to have additional infusion therapy education after licensure. These requirements vary by state and governing board.  To view each state's Board of Nursing you may reference the resources section of the website or click here. Competency requirements are obtained and maintained through the healthcare provider's employer, facility or institution, with a preceptor. The number of times a procedure must be repeated to demonstrate competency will be determined by the employer or as stipulated by the Board of Nursing or other governing agency of the profession.  Pedagogy has developed skills competency checklists for all infusion related procedures and these are available in the course, for print out and completion with a preceptor.

Objectives:

Upon completion of this course, the participant will be able to:

  1. List specific measures that will protect against malpractice.
  2. Identify infusion related complications, causes and appropriate treatment.
  3. Demonstrate the correct calculation of an IV flow rate.
  4. Identify methods of infection control related to IV therapy.
  5. List the components of accurate and complete documentation of IV procedures and complications.
  6. Demonstrate IV and Infusion related procedures.

Curriculum:

Chapter 1: Legal Issues

  • Regulatory Agencies and Governing Bodies 
  • Components of a Complete Order 
  • Legal Terms and Applications 
  • Protective Measures for Guarding Against Malpractice Lawsuits

Chapter 2: Anatomy and Physiology

  • The Vascular System: Veins, Arteries and Bone Marrow 
  • The Three Layers of the Vessels and Their Function 
  • Differentiating Arteries from Veins
  • Veins Used in Peripheral Intravenous Therapy for Pediatrics and Adults
  • Intraosseous
  • Skin ‐ Anatomy and Physiology

Chapter 3:  Psychological Needs of the IV Patient

  • Age Specific Needs
  • Elderly Patient Needs 
  • Cultural Aspects
  • Patients with Sensory Deficits 
  • Methods of Reducing Patient Anxiety 
  • Patient Teaching/Education

Chapter 4: Fluid and Electrolyte Balance

  • Water: The Primary Fluid of the Body
  • Hypovolemia - Dehydration: Assessment, Causes, Treatments 
  • Hypervolemia - Fluid Overload: Assessment, Causes, Treatments 
  • Fluid Compartments
  • Electrolyte Imbalances: Assessment, Causes, Treatments

Chapter 5: pH, Osmolality and Incompatibilities of Solutions and Medications

  • pH of Intravenous Solutions and Medications
  • Tonicity: Isotonic Solutions, Hypotonic Solutions and Hypertonic Solutions Incompatibilities

Chapter 6: Fluid Regulation

  • Methods of Fluid Regulation
  • Patient Considerations in Fluid Regulation
  • External Factors that Affect the Rate of Flow 
  • Calculation of IV flow Rates

Chapter 7 Infection Prevention and Safety Compliance

  • Hand Hygiene
  • Sharps Management
  • Medical Waste Disposal
  • Durable Medical Equipment Disinfection
  • Standard Precautions
  • Transmission-Based Precautions

Chapter 8 Vascular Visualization

  • Trans-illuminator Technology
  • Near Infrared Technology
  • Ultrasound

Chapter 9: Site Selection and Device Placement

  • Criteria For Peripheral Devices
  • 3 Types of Peripheral Access And Criteria For Placement
  • Special Considerations of The Specific Age Groups
  • General Considerations of Short Peripheral Access 
  • Veins to Avoid

Chapter 10:  Vascular Access Device Management

  • Needleless Connectors
  • Filtration
  • Add-on Devices
  • VAD Stabilization
  • Joint Stabilization
  • Site Protection
  • Flushing and Locking
  • Assessment, Care, and Dressing Changes
  • Administration Set Changes

Chapter 11 Complications

  • Local Complications 
  • Hematoma
  • Infiltration
  • Extravasation
  • Phlebitis
  • Site Infection
  • Catheter Occlusion
  • MARSI
  • Nerves—Avoiding Damage
  • Compartment Syndrome
    Systemic Complications

Chapter 12: Procedures Guides and Videos

  • Pre-insertion Procedures
  • Peripheral IV Insertion
  • Primary and Secondary Administration Set-up
  • IV Push Administration
  • Catheter Discontinuation

Chapter 13: Assessment and Documentation

  • Catheter Insertion Documentation 
  • Catheter Removal Documentation
  • Assessment, Monitoring and Documentation by Therapy

Chapter 14 Resources

  • Skill Competency Checklists
  • Peripheral IV Insertion
  • Medication Administration
  • Large Volume Electronic Infusion Device
  • IV Push
  • Administration of Infusate via an Ambulatory Infusion Pump
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